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The Ethnic Conflict Research Digest

1999, Vol. 2 No. 2 .

Engendering Forced Migration. Theory and Practice
Edited by Doreen Indra

(New York: Berghahn Books, 1999)
390pp. Index. Bibl. Hb.: ISBN 1-57181-134-6. Pb.: ISBN 1-57181-135-4.

With increased internal conflicts that cause uprooting of civilian populations, issues related to migration are gaining more interests among the social scientists. The book, published by the Refugees and Forced Migration Studies Centre, and edited by Doreen Indra, represents one of the most interesting recent research in this field. The geography of the book is extensive: you will find research done on migration issues in the countries of origin (Afghanistan, Mozambique, Zambia, Russia, Tanzania, or Kenya), and also in the host countries (Sweden, USA, Australia, UK, Canada). Another balance that is nicely maintained in the edition is between the theoretical and practical discussions. While Doreen Indra seeks for the real objects of the gender issues of migration and development and does this through the analysis of three major gender approaches to development: women in development, women and development and gender and development, Barbara Harrell-Bond in her interview shares with the readers experiences gained during establishing Refugees and Forced Migration Studies Centre in Oxford and young anthropologist who became one of the pioneers in research of development and migration field. Dianna Cammack unfolds the shocking truth how the US and other supporting countries have neglected radical fundamentalism of Taliban and other freedom fighters in Afghanistan; and how gender politics of these groups have practically eradicated any relief or development program related to women's issues. Khadija Elmadmad continues the dialogue, arguing for increased protection for Muslim refugee women. Carolyn Nordstrom rightfully asks about the role the girls play in the gender related emergency and development projects. Natalya Kosmarskaya covers the region which lacks the expertise and research in the migration field and her research on the impact of migration at the Russian families who were forced to return to their historic motherland after the beak-up of the Soviet Union. Finally, Audrey Macklin, Heaven Crawley and Lisa Gilad's discussions of women's protection against gender related persecution under current migration conventions and practices of granting asylum by some countries could generate broader discussions on the amendment of the definition of the refugee and persecution as outlined by current legal instruments.

Sophie Gelashvili
Notre Dame

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