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Peace Agreements in Africa

Angola: 1990-1996
Year
Download
Angola Peace Accords
1991
Angola Agreement with UNITA-Renovada Updating the Lusaka Protocol Concerning a Second Round of Presidential Elections.
1999
Angola Agreement with UNITA-Renovada Updating the Lusaka Protocol Concerning the Appointment of UNITA Cadres to Government Positions
1999
Angola Agreement with UNITA-Renovada Updating the Lusaka Protocol Concerning the Reinstatement of Government Administration over the National Territory.
1999

See also:

INCORE's Country Guide to Angola.

External Sources

Angola: Lusaka Protocol (1994)
In 1994 the UN sponsored Lusaka peace accords were signed between the ruling MPLA and the guerrilla opposition UNITA. Many of the Lusaka accords (for example, relating to government access to UNITA controlled territory and the demobilisation of armed groups) have yet to be implemented.
http://www.incore.ulst.ac.uk/agreements/cds/lusaka.html


 

Mozambique: 1984 - 1992
Year
Download
"Agreement on Non-Aggression and Good Neighbourliness between the Government of the People's Republic of Mozambique and the Government of the Republic of South Africa (Accord of Nkomati)
1984
Joint Declaration on a Cessation of Armed Activity and Conflict
1984
Agreement on a Partial Ceasefire
1990
Joint Communique of 10 July
1990
Declaration on the Guiding Principles for Humanitarian Assistance
1992
General Peace Agreement for Mozambique
1992
Joint Declaration of 7 August
1992

External Sources

Mozambique (1984-92)
Primary texts from the Mozambican Peace Process, including the Nkomati Talks, the Nairobi Talks, and the Rome Process, are documented here by Accord, at Conciliation Resources.
http://www.c-r.org/acc_moz/accords_contents.htm


 

Namibia: 1998
Year
Download
Geneva Agreement
1998

 


 

Rwanda: 1993
Year
Download
Arusha Accord (Peace Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Rwanda and the Rwandese Patriotic Front)
1993


 

Somalia: 1997
Year
Download
Cairo Declaration on Somalia
1997

External Sources:

Somalia: Addis Ababa Agreement (1993)
Addis Ababa Agreement concluded at the first session of the Conference on National Reconciliation in Somalia, 27 March 1993
/cds/agreements/somalia.html


 

South Africa : 1990-1994
Year
Download
Groote Schuur Minute (4 May)
1990
Pretoria Minute (6 August )
1990
Report of the Working Group Established under Paragraph 1 of the Groote Schuur Minute
1990
Declaration of Intent
1991
DF Malan Accord
1991
Joint Statement by the State President, Mr F W De Klerk, and Mr Nelson Mandela, Deputy, President of the African National Congress
1991
National Peace Accord (September)
1991
Meeting Between the State President of the Republic of South Africa and the President of the African National Congress on (26 September )
1992
Interim Constitution
1994




Sudan: 1986 - 1997
Year
Download
Koka Dam Declaration
1986
Political Charter between the Sudan Government and the SPLA (United)
1995
Political Charter
1996
Peace Agreement
1997
Peace Agreement between the Government of Sudan and South Sudan United Democratic Salvation Front (UDSF)
1997

See also:

INCORE's Country Guide to Sudan.

External Sources:

Sudan ( 1997)
Agreement between the Government of Sudan; and the South Sudan United Democratic Salvation Front (UDSF) comprising: the South Sudan Independence Movement (SSIM) and the Union of Sudan African Parties (USAP); the Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM); the Equatoria Defence Force (EDF); and the South Sudan Independents Group (SSIG). Text taken from the Sudan Peace Agreement Page.
http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/5318/sudpeace.html




Sierra Leone: 1998
Year
Download
ECOWAS Six-Month Peace Plan for Sierra Leone (Conakry Agreement) 23 October 1997 - 22 April
1998
Peace Agreement between the Government of Sierra Leone and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone
1999

See also:

INCORE's Country Guide to Sierra Leone.

External Sources:

Sierra Leone (1999)
Ceasefire Agreement between the Government of the Republic of Sierra Leone, and the Revolutionary United Front of Sierra Leone (RUF/SL).
http://www.Sierra-Leone.org/ceasefire051899.html

Paying the Price: the Sierra Leone peace process
A special edition of Accord, edited by David Lord, is dedicated to the peace process. It includes commentary on the Abidjan process (1995-6) and the Lome negotiations and their implementation. A summary of the Lome Agreement is included.
http://www.c-r.org/accord9/index.htm




Western Sahara : 1997
Year
Download
Compromise Agreement on Outstanding Identification Issues: London, (19 and 20 July)
1997
Compromise Agreement on Troop Confinement: Lisbon, (29 August )
1997
Houston Declaration
1997

 

Other External Sources

Ethiopia and Eritrea (2000)
The text of the Horn peace deal of December 2000 is available from the BBC.

See also:

INCORE's Country Guide to Ethiopia.
INCORE's Country Guide to Eritrea.

 

Liberia (1991-95):
Full texts of the following accords are available on-line at Accord, Conciliation Resources.

http://www.c-r.org/accord/contents.htm

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Disclaimer: © INCORE 2004 Last Updated on Wednesday, 07-Apr-2004 16:05
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